Maned Wolf
Maned Wolf
Maned Wolf

Common name: Maned Wolf
Scientific name: Chrysocyon brachyurus
Length: 125 to 130 cm
Weight: 20 to 23 kg (4.5 to 5 lbs.)
Population: Estimated in 2005 at approximately 23,600 individuals
Distribution: In grasslands and shrub forests in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina
Issue: Habitat destruction, population isolation, illnesses caused by domestic dogs
IUCN Red List status: Near threatened

The Maned Wolf is listed as `Near Threatened’ on the IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM. It is the largest South American canid and can be found in some areas of Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru and Uruguay, although only in low densities.
Maned Wolves are the only species in their genus and the tallest of the wild canids. They are solitary, monogamous and highly frugivorous (consuming principally fruits).

The major threats to the species are road mortality and a drastic reduction of habitat. The open grasslands and Cerrado (Brazil’s savannah) have been replaced by farmland, increasing the conflict between Maned Wolf and people. Other threats are the presence of domestic and feral dogs in the vicinity of protected areas, illegal hunting, harvesting of body parts for native folk medicine and loss of genetic variability.

The Maned Wolf benefits from programmes to protect the Cerrado biome and wild fauna, including a hunting ban. The development of education strategies, a reduction in the conflicts with people, and the implementation of conservation campaigns are important tools to safeguard the future of the species.

REFERENCES: Red List of Threatened Species of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Encyclopedia of Life.

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